Xen 4.2.1 is a maintenance release in the 4.2 series and contains: We recommend that all users of Xen 4.2.0 upgrade to Xen 4.2.1.
- The release fixes the following critical vulnerabilities:
- CVE-2012-4535 / XSA-20: Timer overflow DoS vulnerability
- CVE-2012-4537 / XSA-22: Memory mapping failure DoS vulnerability
- CVE-2012-4538 / XSA-23: Unhooking empty PAE entries DoS vulnerability
- CVE-2012-4539 / XSA-24: Grant table hypercall infinite loop DoS vulnerability
- CVE-2012-4544, CVE-2012-2625 / XSA-25: Xen domain builder Out-of-memory due to malicious kernel/ramdisk
- CVE-2012-5510 / XSA-26: Grant table version switch list corruption vulnerability
- CVE-2012-5511 / XSA-27: Several HVM operations do not validate the range of their inputs
- CVE-2012-5513 / XSA-29: XENMEM_exchange may overwrite hypervisor memory
- CVE-2012-5514 / XSA-30: Broken error handling in guest_physmap_mark_populate_on_demand()
- CVE-2012-5515 / XSA-31: Several memory hypercall operations allow invalid extent order values
- CVE-2012-5525 / XSA-32: several hypercalls do not validate input GFNs
- Among many bug fixes and improvements (around 100 since Xen 4.2.0):
- A fix for a long standing time management issue
- Bug fixes for S3 (suspend to RAM) handling
- Bug fixes for other low level system state handling
- Bug fixes and improvements to the libxl tool stack
- Bug fixes to nested virtualization
The Xen 4.2 release incorporates many new features and improvements to existing features. There are improvements across the board including to Security, Scalability, Performance and Documentation.
- XL is now the default toolstack: Significant effort has gone in to the XL tool toolstack in this release and it is now feature complete and robust enough that we have made it the default. This toolstack can now replace xend in the majority of deployments, see XL vs Xend Feature Comparison. As well as improving XL the underlying libxl library has been significantly improved and supports the majority of the most common toolstack features. In addition the API has been declared stable which should make it even easier for external toolstack such as libvirt and XCP's xapi to make full use of this functionality in the future.
- Large Systems: Following on from the improvements made in 4.1 Xen now supports even larger systems, with up to 4095 host CPUs and up to 512 guest CPUs. In addition toolstack feature like the ability to automatically create a CPUPOOL per NUMA node and more intelligent placement of guest VCPUs on NUMA nodes have further improved the Xen experience on large systems. Other new features, such as multiple PCI segment support have also made a positive impact on such systems.
- Improved security: The XSM/Flask subsystem has seen several enhancements, including improved support for disaggregated systems and a rewritten example policy which is clearer and simpler to modify to suit local requirements.
- Documentation: The Xen documentation has been much improved, both the in-tree documentation and the wiki. This is in no small part down to the success of the Xen Document Days so thanks to all who have taken part.
Xen Hypervisor 4.2 Acknowledgements
Contributions were made to this release by 124 individuals from 43 organizations, not counting contributions to external projects such as the BSDs, Linux or qemu. Many thanks to everyone who contributed to this release, either through code, testing, documentation or in any other way. For a complete breakdown of community contributions, see Xen 4.2 Acknowledgements.